In India form an important part of how the population travels daily. With an ever-shrinking road space, two-wheelers are a better option for many to negotiate the many challenges that cities across the country throws at commuters. In addition, it has always been a much more affordable option for the mass.
With a long list of manufacturers vying to get the attention of buyers, the buyers are spoilt for choice indeed. However, if you do not have or don’t want to spend big bucks on a brand new motorcycle, a used machine can be a very practical answer as well – provided you know the what, why, where and how.
Here’s some help.
Why you are buying the motorcycle
1.It is important to understand your requirement – why do you need a bike?
2.Is it a necessity and you need to commute to your workplace/college every day? You don’t like public transport and want to save time in commuting.
3.It’s your secondary mode of transport and you need the bike for going short distance for daily chores.
4. Or it has been your childhood dream to ride a particular bike and you think the time is right for you to get one.
5.Once you know what you are looking for, the next job is to decide the segment. Segment depends on the kind of budget you have. Always keep in mind that newer the bike, the better condition it is likely to be in. Typically, cruisers need more maintenance but they are comfortable to ride.
Where to find second-hand bikes
Dealers: If you buy from a reputed dealer, chances are you will get a machiene which has been thoroughly checked. Second-hand motorcycle dealers inspect the bikes before buying any inventory. As he has to sell it down the line, he would have ensured basic checks, at the very least.
Private sales: Buying directly from a private seller will save you some money but it involves a bit of risk. If you either have experience or the knowledge, or know the bike owner, it is advisable to check and opt for this option for a good bike at a good deal.
Inspecting the bike
1. Always arrive on time for inspecting the bike. It’s important to carry out all the visual inspection during the day as natural light helps in checking all aspects of the bike minutely.
2. It’s always a good idea to take someone along who has experience of riding a bike. A second opinion – one that may be more practcal than yours – counts.
Note: It is strongly recommended to follow all traffic rules – including not using fancy number plates.
Research the bike specific flaws
Always look for specific bike-related information on the web to understand what people who already own it have to say about it.
Brakes: Check for smooth operation, age of break pad and ensure that there is no pulsing.
Oil Leakage: Look for oil spillage around the engine. If a bike has been washed recently, the portion with oil spillage will shine more than the rest of the area. Also ask for the service detail of the bike.
Corrosion/Rust: Look for rust in bike frames. Surface rust is not a cause of concern but deep rust with crumbling iron flake are signs that the bike may not have been maintained properly.
Clutch: Check the lever effort and when it’s released. It should be effortless.
Chassis: The whole chassis should be thoroughly inspected for visible deep scratch marks. Check for fresh paint as it is a sign the bike has met with an accident.
Chains: Check the condition of chain and sprocket. The sprocket should not show visible signs of damage or wear. Rotate the rear wheel and hear the sound of the chain – it should be uniform.
Tyres: Tyres should have good tread all the way across the surface with no signs of uneven wear or damage.
Electronic components and Battery: Check all lights and switches to make sure they work.
Fuel Tank: Open the fuel tank and check for rust or corrosion. Needless to say, don’t use lighter or match box to get a better view!
Suspension: Look for oil leaks around the suspension. Also look for scratches/bends/twists in the leg.
Wheels: Check the wheels for cracks. If the wheel is spoke based, it should be thoroughly examined for rust corrosion and cracks.
Exhaust pipe: Look for an oil leak in the exhaust pipe. Oil in the exhaust means bad rings or valve guide seals.
Additional accessories: Quiz the owner about the nonstandard accessories in the motorcycle and the status of the warranty.
1. RC (Registration Certificate) book: The engine and chassis numbers printed in the RC book should match the engine and chassis numbers embossed on the engine and chassis.
3 .PUC (Pollution Under Control) Certificate
4. NOC (No Objection Certificate): An NOC is necessary from the RTO where the vehicle is registered, especially if the registration of a vehicle is going to be transferred from one RTO to another.
5. Owner’s manual / Service book: This is not mandatory.